Got Headache? Contact headache specialist or Neurologist/Neurosurgeon?
Headache is one of the most common medical complaints. Patients referred to a headache specialist / Neurologist / Neurosurgeon usually report the following:
- High frequency of headaches
- Headaches that cause significant suffering
- Undiagnosed headache disorder
- Headaches unresponsive to previous treatments
The most common headaches are tension headaches. They can be infrequent or chronic, occurring almost daily. Most men and women have had tension headaches.
A rare type of headache is the cluster, which affects about 1 percent of the population, by far most of them men. Clusters come in groups and can last for weeks. Alcohol can trigger attacks, as well as smoking.
Rebound headaches occur in people who have tension headaches and migraines. They are typically related to pain relievers.
All of the above headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are brought on by other medical conditions, such as an infection, neurological problem or tumor.
Diagnostic Tests for Headache
Neurosurgeon doctor may conduct a number of tests which he suspects could be causing your headaches and whether it’s a primary headache, such as a migraine, or a secondary headache, which means that it’s a symptom of another health concern. The process of diagnosis may include:
- Medical history. Your doctor will want to know about other health conditions you have as well as medications, supplements, and herbal treatments or teas that you rely on.
- Family history. You will provide details of any family members who have headaches or migraines, at what age the headaches started, and other health diagnoses. Very often family members won’t know they’ve got migraines, but they will know they are prone to headaches. This helps to indicate that migraine is the problem.
- Physical exam. Your doctor will examine you, paying close attention to your head, neck, and shoulders, which can all contribute to headache pain.
- Neurological exam. A neurological exam may include vision, hearing, nerves, reaction time, and mobility tests.
- Blood tests. Blood tests may be ordered to help rule out infection and other health conditions of which headaches are a symptom.
- Spinal fluid test. This may be necessary if your doctor suspects that your headaches are caused by certain types of infection or by bleeding in your brain.
- Urinalysis. A urine sample may be ordered to help rule out infection and other health conditions of which headaches are a symptom.
- Imaging tests. CT Scan or MRI may be needed. These imaging tests can show changes in bones and blood vessels as well as the presence of cysts and growths that may be causing your headaches.
- Neuroimaging. Imaging tests may be given during a headache episode to get a clearer picture of what is going on during an actual headache.
- Electroencephalogram (EEG). This test can show your doctor whether there are changes in brain wave activity. It can help diagnose brain tumors, seizures, head injury, and swelling in the brain.
Dr. Waqas Mehdi, Neurosurgeon Consultant in Mayo Hospital, will examine all of your medical history, headache complaint, investigation reports and propose best possible headache relief treatment. Dr. Waqas is considered one of the best Pakistani Neurosurgeon in Lahore, Pakistan and is renowned for accurate diagnosis and treatment of headache.