Neurosurgeon Consultant, Asst. Professor KEMC/Mayo Hospital Lahore 03219499579 Punjab Medical Center, Brain & Spine Specialist

Dr. Waqas Mehdi

Spinal trauma | Vertebral Injuries | Treatment

Spinal trauma refers to any damage that occurs to the spinal cord that results in a bruise or tear.

BackPain treatment by Best Pakistani Neurosurgeon Dr. Waqas Mehdi in Lahore

If you have spinal trauma, it is important to protect the spine and keep it immobilized during diagnosis. Neurosurgeon Dr. Waqas Mehdi, who is one of the best Paksitani neurosurgeon in Lahore, may order X-rays, CT scans, MRIs and a clinical exam to assess the damage to your spine. In the case of spinal trauma, immediate treatment is necessary to prevent any additional damage to the spinal cord.  Spinal cord injuries are serious and, depending on the location of the trauma, may result in partial or total loss of body movement.

Spinal Injury & Brain Injury Symptoms

Common symptoms of spinal trauma include:

  • Spinal shock, or a loss of feeling and movement below the site of the trauma
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Blood pressure issues
  • Heart rate problems
  • Loss of bowel and bladder function

If you are experiencing any of the following signs, you may be suffering from brain trauma:

  • Loss of consciousness that may last anywhere from a few seconds to minutes
  • State of confusion or disorientation
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Sensitivity to sound or light
  • Mood changes
  • Memory problems

Spinal cord injuries occur when blunt physical force damages the vertebrae, ligaments, or disks of the spinal column, causing bruising, crushing, or tearing of spinal cord tissue, and when the spinal cord is penetrated (eg, by a gunshot or a knife wound). Such injuries can also cause vascular injury with resultant ischemia or hematoma (typically extradural), leading to further damage. All forms of injury can cause spinal cord edema, further decreasing blood flow and oxygenation. Damage may be mediated by excessive release of neurotransmitters from damaged cells, an inflammatory immune response with release of cytokines, accumulation of free radicals, and apoptosis.

Vertebral injury

Vertebral injuries may be

  • Fractures, which may involve the vertebral body, lamina, and pedicles as well as the spinous, articular, and transverse processes
  • Dislocations, which typically involve the facets
  • Subluxations, which may involve ligament rupture without bony injury
    In the neck, fractures of the posterior elements and dislocations can damage the vertebral arteries, causing a syndrome resembling a brain stem stroke.

In the neck, fractures of the posterior elements and dislocations can damage the vertebral arteries, causing a syndrome resembling a brain stem stroke.

Unstable vertebral injuries are those in which bony and ligamentous integrity is disrupted sufficiently that free movement can occur, potentially compressing the spinal cord or its vascular supply and resulting in marked pain and potential worsening of neurologic function. Such vertebral movement may occur even with a shift in patient position (eg, for ambulance transport, during initial evaluation). Stable fractures are able to resist such movement.

From diagnosis to rehabilitation, Best Pakistani Neurosurgeons in Lahore Dr. Waqas Mehdi  will be guiding you every step of the way through your brain or spinal trauma treatment. Schedule a consultation with Neurosurgeon Dr. Waqas Mehdi now by calling at 03219499579